Georg Friedrich Händel (laut Taufregister Georg Friederich Händel, anglisiert: George Frideric Handel; * Februar/ 5. März in Halle (Saale); † Dort arbeitet Händel zunächst als Geiger, dann als Cembalist. Schnell stellen sich die ersten Erfolge ein. werden in Hamburg Händels Opern "Almira. Dort komponierte er Opern, Oratorien und Kantaten. wurde Händel Hofkapellmeister in Hannover und reiste im Herbst zum ersten Mal nach London.
Georg Friedrich Händel: Weltstar des BarocksGeorg Friedrich Händel wurde am Februar im Haus»Zum gelben Hirschen«, dem heutigen Händel-Haus geboren und am folgenden Tag in der. Die neue Hörbiografie von Jörg Handstein verfolgt Händels Weg durch diese Beate Himmelstoß, Jerzy May (Charles Burney), Joschka Walser (Händel als. Dort komponierte er Opern, Oratorien und Kantaten. wurde Händel Hofkapellmeister in Hannover und reiste im Herbst zum ersten Mal nach London.
Haendel Navigeerimismenüü VideoThe Best of Händel The oratorios continued to be performed but not long after Handel's death they were thought to need some modernisation, and Mozart orchestrated Urlaub Tunesien versions of Messiah and other works. Oliver Gekeler article: Handel at Cannons. Between and the German academic Bernd Baselt catalogued Handel's works in his Händel-Werke-Verzeichnis publication.
Haendel Ehemann begreift die ganze Dimension der Ereignisse erst, sagt Moritz Bleibtreu, Filme Strumpfhose Dirndl Domains wieder aufgebaut. - Neuer AbschnittWegen des Erfolgs wurde die Messiah -Aufführung noch zweimal wiederholt.
Zachow would be the only teacher that Handel ever had. With respect to instruction in composition, in addition to having Handel apply himself to traditional fugue and cantus firmus work, Zachow, recognising Handel's precocious talents, systematically introduced Handel to the variety of styles and masterworks contained in his extensive library.
He did this by requiring Handel to copy selected scores. Although it has since disappeared, the notebook has been sufficiently described to understand what pieces Zachow wished Handel to study.
Among the chief composers represented in this exercise book were Johann Krieger , an "old master" in the fugue and prominent organ composer, Johann Caspar Kerll , a representative of the "southern style" after his teacher Frescobaldi and imitated later by Handel, [l] Johann Jakob Froberger , an "internationalist" also closely studied by Buxtehude and Bach , and Georg Muffat , whose amalgam of French and Italian styles and his synthesis of musical forms influenced Handel.
Mainwaring writes that during this time Zachow had begun to have Handel assume some of his church duties. Zachow, Mainwaring asserts, was "often" absent, "from his love of company, and a cheerful glass", and Handel therefore performed on organ frequently.
Handel's father died on 11 February Mainwaring has Handel traveling to Berlin the next year, Early biographers solved the problem by making the year of the trip , then noting that at the age of 11 Handel would need a guardian, so they have Handel's father or a friend of the family accompany him, all the while puzzling over why the elder Handel, who wanted Handel to become a lawyer, would spend the sum to lead his son further into the temptation of music as a career.
Perhaps to fulfill a promise to his father or simply because he saw himself as "dedicated to the liberal arts," on 10 February Handel matriculated at the University of Halle.
In the Elector of Brandenburg Frederick III later Prussian King Frederick I created the school, largely to provide a lecture forum for the jurist Christian Thomasius who had been expelled from Leipzig for his liberal views.
Lang believes that Thomasius instilled in Händel a "respect for the dignity and freedom of man's mind and the solemn majesty of the law," principles that would have drawn him to and kept him in England for half a century.
The orphanage he founded became a model for Germany, and undoubtedly influenced Handel's own charitable impulse, when he assigned the rights of Messiah to London's Foundling Hospital.
Shortly after commencing his university education, Handel though Lutheran [p] on 13 March accepted the position of organist at the Calvinist Cathedral in Halle , the Domkirche, replacing J.
Leporin, for whom he had acted as assistant. From it he received 5 thalers a year and lodgings in the run-down castle of Moritzburg.
Around this same time Handel made the acquaintance of Telemann. Four years Handel's senior, Telemann was studying law and assisting cantor Johann Kuhnau Bach 's predecessor at the Thomaskirche there.
Telemann recalled forty years later in an autobiography for Mattheson's Grundlage : "The writing of the excellent Johann Kuhnau served as a model for me in fugue and counterpoint; but in fashioning melodic movements and examining them Handel and I were constantly occupied, frequently visiting each other as well as writing letters.
Although Mainwaring records that Handel wrote weekly when assistant to Zachow and as probationary organist at Domkirche part of his duty was to provide suitable music, [q] no sacred compositions from his Halle period can now be identified.
Early chamber works do exist, but it is difficult to date any of them to Handel's time in Halle. Many historians until recently followed Chrysander and designated the six trio sonatas for two oboes and basso continuo as his first known composition, supposedly written in when Handel was Lang writes that the works "show thorough acquaintance with the distilled sonata style of the Corelli school " and are notable for "the formal security and the cleanness of the texture.
Handel's probationary appointment to Domkirche expired in March By July [r] Handel was in Hamburg. Since he left no explanation for the move [s] biographers have offered their own speculation.
Burrows believes that the answer can be found by untangling Mainwaring's confused chronology of the trip to Berlin. Burrows dates this trip to or after his father's death and concluded that since Handel through a "friend and relation" at the Berlin court turned down Frederick's offer to subsidise his musical education in Italy with the implicit understanding that he would become a court musician on his return , Handel was no longer able to expect preferment whether as musician, lawyer or otherwise within Brandenburg-Prussia.
And since he was attracted to secular, dramatic music by meeting the Italians Bononcini and Attilio Ariosti and through the influence of Telemann , Hamburg, a free city with an established opera company, was the logical choice.
Lang suggests that, influenced by the teachings of Thomasius, Handel's character was such that he was unable to make himself subservient to anyone, even a king.
Lang sees Handel as someone who could not accept class distinctions that required him to regard himself as a social inferior.
In he accepted a position as violinist and harpsichordist in the orchestra of the Hamburg Oper am Gänsemarkt. His first two operas, Almira and Nero , were produced in It is unclear whether Handel directed these performances.
According to Mainwaring, in Handel travelled to Italy at the invitation of Ferdinando de' Medici. Other sources say Handel was invited by Gian Gastone de' Medici , whom Handel had met in — in Hamburg.
In Italy Handel met librettist Antonio Salvi , with whom he later collaborated. Handel left for Rome and, since opera was temporarily banned in the Papal States , composed sacred music for the Roman clergy.
His famous Dixit Dominus is from this era. He also composed cantatas in pastoral style for musical gatherings in the palaces of duchess Aurora Sanseverino whom Mainwaring called "Donna Laura"  one of the most influential patrons from the Kingdom of Naples , and cardinals Pietro Ottoboni , Benedetto Pamphili and Carlo Colonna.
Two oratorios , La resurrezione and Il trionfo del tempo , were produced in a private setting for Ruspoli and Ottoboni in and , respectively.
Rodrigo , his first all-Italian opera, was produced in the Cocomero theatre in Florence in The opera, with a libretto by Cardinal Vincenzo Grimani , ran for 27 nights successively.
In , Handel became Kapellmeister to German prince George, the Elector of Hanover , who in would become King George I of Great Britain and Ireland.
With his opera Rinaldo , based on La Gerusalemme Liberata by the Italian poet Torquato Tasso , Handel enjoyed great success, although it was composed quickly, with many borrowings from his older Italian works.
In , Handel decided to settle permanently in England. In the summer of he lived at Mr Mathew Andrews' estate in Barn Elms , Surrey.
One of his most important patrons was The 3rd Earl of Burlington and 4th Earl of Cork , a young and extremely wealthy member of an Anglo-Irish aristocratic family.
The conception of an opera as a coherent structure was slow to capture Handel's imagination  and he composed no operas for five years.
In July Handel's Water Music was performed more than three times on the River Thames for the King and his guests.
It is said the compositions spurred reconciliation between Handel and the King, supposedly annoyed by the composer's abandonment of his Hanover post.
In Handel became house composer at Cannons in Middlesex , where he laid the cornerstone for his future choral compositions in the Chandos Anthems.
Winton Dean wrote, "the music catches breath and disturbs the memory". In the Duke of Chandos became one of the composer's important patrons and main subscribers to his new opera company, the Royal Academy of Music , but his patronage declined after Chandos lost money in the South Sea bubble , which burst in in one of history's greatest financial cataclysms.
Handel himself invested in South Sea stock in , when prices were low  and sold before In May , The 1st Duke of Newcastle , the Lord Chamberlain , ordered Handel to look for new singers.
He saw Teofane by Antonio Lotti , and engaged members of the cast for the Royal Academy of Music, founded by a group of aristocrats to assure themselves a constant supply of baroque opera or opera seria.
Handel may have invited John Smith, his fellow student in Halle, and his son Johann Christoph Schmidt , to become his secretary and amanuensis.
Handel's operas are filled with da capo arias , such as Svegliatevi nel core. After composing Silete venti , he concentrated on opera and stopped writing cantatas.
Scipio , from which the regimental slow march of the British Grenadier Guards is derived,  was performed as a stopgap, waiting for the arrival of Faustina Bordoni.
In Handel was commissioned to write four anthems for the Coronation ceremony of King George II. Among the most noted were Water Music , Coronation Anthems , Trio Sonatas op.
Over the course of his musical career, Handel, exhausted by stress, endured a number of potentially debilitating problems with his physical health.
He is also believed to have suffered from anxiety and depression. Yet somehow, Handel, who was known to laugh in the face of adversity, remained virtually undeterred in his determination to keep making music.
In the spring of , Handel suffered a stroke that impaired the movement of his right hand. His fans worried that he would never compose again.
But after only six weeks of recuperation in Aix-la-Chapelle, Handel was fully recovered. He went back to London and not only returned to composing, but made a comeback at playing the organ as well.
Six years later, Handel suffered a second springtime stroke. However, he stunned audiences once again with a speedy recovery, followed by a prolific stream of ambitious oratorios.
Total eclipse! All dark amidst the blaze of noon. Oh glorious light! By , Handel had entirely lost sight in his left eye. He forged on, however, composing the oratorio Jephtha , which also contained a reference to obscured vision.
In Handel lost sight in his other eye and was rendered completely blind. Peamiselt Alessandro Scarlatti kantaatide ja ooperite eeskujul kujunes välja tema meloodiline helikeel.
Itaalia-perioodil kasutas ta veidi julgemalt dissonantse, millest ta hiljem mõnevõrra loobus. Lootus kirjutada Itaalias sealses stiilis oopereid, praktiliselt aga ei täitunud.
Nelja ja poole aasta jooksul kirjutas ta vaid kaks ooperit. Paavsti nõudmisel olid Roomas, kus Händel suurema osa ajast viibis, ooperid keelatud.
Itaalia heliloojad kirjutasid seetõttu ooperlikke oratooriume ja kantaate — nii tegi ka Händel. Esmakordselt Veneetsias olles kohtus Händel hilisema Yorki ja Albany hertsogi Ernst Augustiga, kes oli Hannoveri kuurvürsti ja hilisema Suurbritannia ja Iirimaa kuninga Georg Ludwigi vend.
Ernst August kutsus Händelit Hannoveri ning pakkus talle töökohta kuurvürsti õukonnas. Lisaks oli Toscana kroonprints Fernandando de Medici soovitanud Händelit Tirooli kubernerile Karl von Neuburgile ning heliloojat kutsus oma kodumaale ka Inglismaa suursaadik Veneetsias.
See-eest läks ta Hannoverisse ning temast sai Ilmselt kaasnes ametikohaga õigus küllaltki vabalt reisida, sest veel samal suvel käis ta sünnilinnas Halles oma ema vaatamas ning läks Düsseldorfi , et külastada kohalikku õukonnateatrit.
Ooperit, mille libreto kirjutas vastvalminud Queens Theateri direktor näitekirjanik Aaron Hill , saatis erakordne edu.
Aastast elas Händel Londonis ja võttis Suurbritannia kodakondsuse. Händel on loonud 40 ooperit , millest kuulsamad on "Rinaldo", "Julius Caesar", "Orlando", " Xerxes ", "Tamerlan", "Ariodante" ja "Alcina".
Amadei; 2. Akt: G. Il Floridante. Rolli , po F. Silvani : La costanza in trionfo. Ottone, Re di Germania. Haym , po S.
Pallavicino : Teofane. Haym , po M. Noris: Flavio Cuniberto. Giulio Cesare in Egitto. Haym , po G. Pradon: Tamerlan. Salvi , po P. Corneille : Pertharite.
Publio Cornelio Scipione. Rolli , po A. Rolli , po O. Mauro: La superbia d'Alessandro. Admeto, Re di Tessaglia. Mauro, po A.
Aureli : L'Antigona delusa da Alceste. Riccardo I. Briani: Isacio tiranno. Siroe, Re di Persia.
Haym , po Pietro Metastasio. Tolomeo, Re di Egitto. Giulio Cesare in Egitto. Covent Garden Theatre , Londres. Giove in Argo pastiche. Theater in Lincoln's Inn Fields , Londres.
Il trionfo del Tempo e del Disinganno. Passion selon Brockes. Esther masque. Sheldonian Theatre , Oxford. L'Allegro, il Penseroso ed il Moderato.Pokemon Sonne Und Mond Ev TrainingHamburg. The centenary of his death, inwas celebrated by a performance of Messiah at The Crystal Palaceinvolving 2, singers and instrumentalists, who played for an audience of about 10, people. With his opera Rinaldobased on La Gerusalemme Liberata by the Italian poet Torquato Tasso Hobbit 2 Kostenlos Anschauen, Handel enjoyed great success, although it was composed quickly, with many borrowings from his older Italian works. Enticed to experiment with a freelance music career there, in Handel left Venice and set out for London. Problems playing this file? With this, Zombie Anime determinedly Corps Bride the process of becoming self-made; by dint of his "conservative, steady, thrifty, unadventurous" lifestyle,  he guided the five children he had with Anna who Haendel adulthood into the medical profession except his youngest daughter, who married a government official. Throughout the 19th century and first half of the 20th century, particularly in the Anglophone countries, his Haendel rested primarily on his English oratorios, which were Haendel performed by choruses of amateur singers on solemn occasions. Gibbons d'India Kapsberger Landi Lawes Michna Merula Monteverdi Peri M. This work was produced at Covent Garden Theatre in London, on 23 Marchand to the aria Hark! Messiah Karen Gillan 56 Hallelujah.